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5 edition of Acoustic cues for constituent structure found in the catalog.

Acoustic cues for constituent structure

Robert J. Scholes

Acoustic cues for constituent structure

a series of experiments on the nature of spoken sentence structures.

by Robert J. Scholes

  • 204 Want to read
  • 6 Currently reading

Published by Mouton in The Hague .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Intonation (Phonetics),
  • Structural linguistics

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. [80]

    Statement[By] Robert J. Scholes.
    SeriesJanua linguarum., 121
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsP222 .S3
    The Physical Object
    Pagination79, [1] p.
    Number of Pages79
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5326346M
    LC Control Number72179209

    Book Reviews Part II, “Speech and the Acquisition of Words,” contains six chapters that discuss different aspects of early word-level speech segmentation. The chapters by Cutler and by Mehler, Dupoux, Nazzi, and Dehaene-Lambertz discuss evi-dence showing that the rhythmic structure of a language can be exploited to find word boundaries. This article presents the nature and the implementation of prosodic representations. The prosodic structure is considered to be fundamentally different from the morphosyntactic structure in that it is crucially flatter. The work on the prosodic phrasing of European Portuguese (EP) has provided similar data to that reported for Korean. EP has been shown to have a phonological phrase level and.

    abstract acoustic actor adjectives adult analysis animate applied articulation basic behaviour chapter child Chomsky Chomsky's clause code-switching communication complex consonant constituent context cues deep structure derived dialects discussion distinction elements English example expressed fact formal function gazebo grammar human hyponym 2/5(1).   Expectations from preceding prosody influence segmentation in online sentence processing. target word onset when the preceding prosody supported a prosodic constituent boundary cue to lexical organization even when semantic context or proximal acoustic cues suggest a different structure. The locus of these distal prosody effects Cited by:

      The theoretical issues dealt with in the book include: evidence for the phonological word (e.g. rules, phonotactics, syllabification, stress patterns), the connection between morphosyntactic and prosodic structure (e.g. alignment phenomena in Optimality Theory), and the relationship between the phonological word and other prosodic constituents Pages:   Phonemes play a central role in traditional theories as units of speech perception and access codes to lexical representations. Phonemes have two essential properties: they are ‘segment-sized’ (the size of a consonant or vowel) and abstract (a single phoneme may be have different acoustic realisations). Nevertheless, there is a long history of challenging the phoneme hypothesis, with some Cited by: 8.


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Acoustic cues for constituent structure by Robert J. Scholes Download PDF EPUB FB2

Acoustic cues for constituent structure; a series of experiments on the nature of spoken sentence structures. Acoustic cues for cons My Searches (0) My Cart Added To Cart Check Out.

Menu. Subjects. Book Studies; Life Sciences; Linguistics and Semiotics; Literary Studies; Materials Sciences; Acoustic cues for constituent structure. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Exploring Acoustic and Syntactic Cues to Prosodic Boundaries in French.

A Multi-Genre Corpus Study We argue for a recursive representation of prosodic constituent structure at the level of the. These included non-perceptual factors, such as response bias and acoustic cues to grammatical structure, and the grammatical structure of the sentence.

including psychological function of certain transformation rules, psychological reality of constituent structure, and linguistics and psychology. The selection is a vital source of data for. Acoustic analyses reported in Hawthorne and Gerken () confirmed that the natural familiarization stimuli had the expected clause-level prosodic cues: final lengthening of internal and final.

Argument for. The argument for prosodic bootstrapping was first introduced by Gleitman and Wanner (), who observed that infants might use prosodic cues (particularly acoustic cues) to discover underlying grammatical information about their native language. These cues (e.g intonation contour in a question phrase, lengthening a final segment) could aid infants in dividing the speech input.

Due to the acoustic independence between syllables (i.e., no coarticulation), the linguistic constituent structure could Acoustic cues for constituent structure book be extracted using lexical, syntactic, and semantic knowledge, but not prosodic by: This use of different acoustic cues in different frequency regions led to the classic and very early “duplex theory” of sound localization (Rayleigh, ).

For everyday sounds with a broad frequency spectrum, it seems that our perception of spatial location is dominated by interaural time differences in the low-frequency temporal fine.

The data show that participants have best memory for the last major constituent, a result consistent with the hypothesis that they retain a verbatim representation of the last constituent only. True or False: Participants process the meaning of a sentence one phrase at a time and maintain access to a phrase only while processing its meaning.

The MIT Speech Communication Group has developed a framework for labeling speech with acoustic cues related to distinctive features. Acoustic cues are physically observable patterns in the speech signal that can be extracted and interpreted to provide information about the speaker, or about the underlying message.

Most often, the underlying message includes a sequence of : Shreya Huilgol, Jinwoo Baik, Stefanie Shattuck-Hufnagel. Describe the structure and general function of the auditory pathways from the outer ear to the auditory cortex.

Discuss ways in which we are able to locate sounds in space. Describe various acoustic cues that contribute to our ability to perceptually segregate simultaneously arriving sounds. Search the catalogue for collection items held by the National Library of Australia.

The large-scale structure of the universe. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press. Acoustic cues for constituent structure; a series of experiments on the nature of spoken sentence struct. This study tests the influence of acoustic cues and non-acoustic contextual factors on listeners’ perception of prominence in three languages whose prominence systems differ in the phonological patterning of prominence and in the association of prominence with information structure—English, French and by: 7.

acoustic cues acquisition adjectives adult adverbs answer articulatory program asked assertions auxiliary verb begin Chapter child Clark color complement complex comprehension consists consonants constituent content words conversation dimension English example expressed false function words given information grammatical hit Bill Human(x.

These findings were replicated and extended by Dilley, Mattys, and Vinke (), who demonstrated that distal prosody is a robust cue to lexical organization even when semantic context or proximal acoustic cues suggest a different structure.

The locus of these distal Cited by: This book has been cited by the following publications. Duration and intensity as perceptual cues for naïve listeners’ prominence and boundary perception. On clause and intonational phrase in Japanese: the syntactic grounding of prosodic constituent by: psychology of language=psycholinguistics.

Difficulty in segmenting a piece of text/an utterance into its constituent parts. Human auditory perception. most sensitive to sounds between hertz. acoustic cues. extracted and stored in the sensory memory and then mapped onto linguistic information.

Intonation is a subject of increasing importance in fields from syntax to speech recognition. Robert Ladd provides an exceptionally clear presentation of the key ideas of the influential autosegmental-metrical theory of intonational phonology associated with the work of Janet Pierrehumbert.

He outlines the evidence for the theory's basic tenets and relates them to the ideas of competing 5/5(2). This is so because prosodic information, easily recovered from the spoken input, serves as a powerful tool helping the speaker to encode or decode the syntactic structure of the sentence, especially when it concerns constituent groupings within sentences (Nespor and Cited by: 2.

In linguistics, prosody is concerned with those elements of speech that are not individual phonetic segments (vowels and consonants) but are properties of syllables and larger units of speech, including linguistic functions such as intonation, tone, stress, and elements are known as suprasegmentals.

Prosody may reflect various features of the speaker or the utterance: the. In the s, linguist Noam Chomsky proposed a revolutionary idea: We are all born with an innate knowledge of grammar that serves as the basis for all language other words, for humans, language is a basic instinct.

The theory, however, has long been met with widespread criticism — until now. A new study presents compelling evidence to suggest Chomsky may have been right all.syntactic structure. InBeckman & Pierrehumbert proposed that below the level of a sentence, branching hierarchical trees contain intonational phrases, intermediate phrases, and prosodic words which possess prosodic stress assigned hierarchically on each constituent level.the cues led to the largest differences across conditions in the rates of final two-syllable words heard.

These findings were replicated and extended by Dilley, Mattys, and Vinke (), who demonstrated that distal prosody is a robust cue to lexical organization even when semantic context or proximal acoustic cues suggest a different structure.